Fibroids are the most common benign tumours that manifest in the uterus. Fibroids are groups of cells which have as their primary source the muscle and fibrous tissue present in the uterus. Their sizes can range from very small (1cm) and can reach up to 10-15 cm. The chances for them developing into a malignancy are very low (0.1-0.5%).
What are the symptoms of fibroids?
The symptoms depend on the size and the site of the fibroids. Fibroids that are small in size may not cause any symptoms and can be identified by chance with a vaginal ultrasound. The more their size increases, or if they are in the submucosal part of the uterus, symptoms that may be experienced are:
How are uterine fibroids diagnosed?
Initially, a thorough gynaecological and obstetric medical history is obtained. A bimanual gynecological examination follows as the second step, and finally an ultrasound of the inner genital organs is performed. The above steps are usually sufficient for a definitive diagnosis. In cases where uncertainty exists, we may proceed with a CT scan and / or an MRI scan.
How are fibroids treated?
The treatment is always dependent on the severity of the symptoms, the size of the fibroids, the woman’s desire for procreation and of course her age. The treatment may be pharmaceutical, surgical or a combination of both. The permanent cure refers to the surgical removal of either the fibroids or, in several cases, the entire uterus. This kind of surgery is nowadays conducted laparoscopically. On the other hand, small fibroids, causing few or no symptoms, merely require regular monitoring via ultrasound every six months to once per year.
Are there any alternative methods for preventing or treating Fibroids?
There are plenty of Herbal and dietary approaches for preventing the growth and even the existence of the Fibroids or controlling the symptoms. Even the use of Bio-Identical Hormones is very beneficial, when the doctor is detecting Hormonal imbalances as the reason of their growth. These treatments are safe and very promising.
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